How to Automate Code Deployment using Git Hooks

Hello fellow developers! Today, we're going to talk about how you can automate your code deployment using Git hooks. But before we dive in, let's ask ourselves a few questions. Are you tired of manually deploying your code to different environments? Do you want to streamline your workflow and save time? Well, if you said yes to any of these questions, this article is for you!

Git is a powerful version control system that has become the go-to tool for managing source code. Git hooks are scripts that run automatically when certain events occur in a Git repository. By using Git hooks, you can automate your code deployment process, making it faster, more efficient, and less prone to human error.

In this article, we'll explore how to use Git hooks to automate code deployment, step-by-step. By the end of this article, you'll have a solid understanding of how Git hooks work and how you can use them to streamline your code deployment process.


Before we start, there are a few things you'll need:

Step 1: Identify the Event Trigger

The first step in setting up a Git hook is to identify the event that will trigger it. Git hooks can be triggered by a variety of events such as:

For example, if you want to automate code deployment every time a push is executed, you should choose the post-receive hook.

Step 2: Create the Hook Script

Once you've identified the event trigger, the next step is to create the hook script. The hook script is a shell script that contains the code to automate your code deployment process. You can create the script using any text editor.

For example, let's say we want to deploy our code to a Linux server every time we push to the master branch. First, create a new file called post-receive in the .git/hooks folder in your local repository:

touch .git/hooks/post-receive

Next, open the file in a text editor and add the following code:


while read oldrev newrev ref
  if [ "$ref" = "refs/heads/master" ]; then
    git --work-tree=/path/to/deploy/folder --git-dir=/path/to/repo fetch -q origin master
    git --work-tree=/path/to/deploy/folder --git-dir=/path/to/repo reset --hard FETCH_HEAD
    echo "Code deployed successfully!"

Here's what the code does:

Make sure you update the --work-tree and --git-dir options to match your own paths.

Step 3: Make the Hook Script Executable

Once you've created the hook script, you need to make it executable. You can do this using the following command:

chmod +x .git/hooks/post-receive

Step 4: Test the Hook Script

To test the hook script, simply make a change to your local repository and push it to the master branch:

git add .
git commit -m "Test deploy hook"
git push origin master

If everything is set up correctly, you should see the success message in the terminal output.


Congratulations! You've successfully automated your code deployment using Git hooks. In this article, we've covered the basics of Git hooks and how you can use them to automate your code deployment process. By automating your code deployment, you can save time and reduce the risk of human error.

While the example we've used here is relatively simple, the possibilities with Git hooks are endless. You can use Git hooks to trigger other automation tools such as Ansible, Docker, or Kubernetes, to name just a few.

Thanks for reading and happy coding!

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